Social Security System

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The Korean government provides various welfare services for citizens with low income, women in need, the disabled,
children and youths. Foreigners living in Korea are also eligible for these benefits if they qualify.
 

National Basic Livelihood Security System


• Ministry Of Health and Welfare website : www.mohw.go.kr (Available in English) ☏129

A system that secures basic livelihood for people with low incomes, or who have difficulties sustaining livelihood,
or who face financial difficulties due to sudden accidents or diseases etc.

Application Criteria

Based on the median income which corresponds to the middle tier when individual incomes of citizens are ranked. Customized personal payouts are handed out after recipients are selected according to selection criteria by income levels, which is based on the median income.
※ Area of support differs depending on selection criteria.


 
① Livelihood Allowance

Livelihood allowances are given out to people with household debt and income 28% below median income level (tier increase expected by year 2017).


 
② Medical Allowance

Reduces burden of medical fees by 'maintaining current security levels'
for people with income 40% below median income level, and
who have high debt ratio caused by medical fees.

 
③ Housing Allowance

Housing enhancements or 'actual rental fees' not exceeding standard
rental fees are given to people with income 43% below median
income level and whose burden of rental fees is relatively higher
compared to income.
※ Standard rental fee is calculated by taking into account the minimum housing
    standard, and is usually around 100 to 340 thousand won.
④ Education Allowance

To prevent an increase in the number of people who come under the anti-poverty policy and widespread poverty, education fees are subsidized for people with
income 50% below median income level.

 

Foreigner Eligibility

A foreigner registered according to Article 31 of the Immigration Control Act, who fulfills the following conditions.
• A foreigner who is married to a Korean citizen and pregnant, or whose Korean spouse is pregnant.
• A foreigner who is married to a Korean citizen and has a minor child dependent who is a Korean citizen (including step-
   parent and adoptive parent relationships)
• A foreigner who is living together with his or her spouse's immediate family who possess Korean nationality and ancestry.
• A foreigner who has divorced his or her spouse of Korean nationality, or whose spouse has passed away and has a 
  minor child dependent or is pregnant with her deceased spouse's child.

How to Apply


※ For more information, visit『 the Ministry of Health and Welfare website (www.mohw.go.kr) →Policies
    → Basic Living Information』
 

National Pension


• National Pension Service website : www.nps.or.kr
  (Available in English, Chinese, Indonesian, Thai and Mongolian) ☏1355


A system where members make regular contributions as they work for income so that they may
receive pension payouts that help maintain basic livelihood in the event of loss of income after retirement,
disability or death due to unforeseen accidents or illnesses.

Application Criteria
- 9% of the member's standard income

Foreigner Eligibility
- Foreign employers or workers aged between 18 to 60 years old whose workplaces subscribe to the national
   pension scheme
- Foreign employers or workers aged between 18 to 60 years old who live in Korea and are not registered as a 
   corporate member

Excluded Cases
- Does not apply to trainees (training employees are eligible), foreign students and diplomats etc.
   who are excluded by law
- When declared inapplicable according to the national pension act of the foreigner's home country
- When foreign workers from countries that have concluded social security agreements with Korea,
   submit a membership certificate from his or her home country
※ For more information on membership eligibility, visit『 the National Pension Service website(www.nps.or.kr) →
    Information on Pension → Easy Guide to National Pension → Signing Up and Registration → Foreign Members』
 

※ Countries Excluded from the National Pension Coverage (22 countries) [Based on year 2015]
The Republic of South Africa, Nepal, Maldives, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Saudi Arabia, Armenia, Swaziland,
Ethiopia, Iran, Egypt, Tonga, Pakistan, Fiji, Cambodia, Singapore, Belarus, East Timor, Georgia, Nigeria and Malaysia


How to Apply
  - For corporate members of the National Pension Plan: Apply at workplace
  - For foreigners who are regional members: Register in person at the National Pension Office

Pension Payout
  - If foreigners are eligible for coverage under the National Pension Scheme, they may receive Oldage Pension, Disability
    Pension or Survivor Pension.
  - Foreign workers are eligible for lump-sum refunds when they leave Korea. However, lump-sum refunds may not be paid 
    for certain nationalities and stay statuses.
  ※ For more information on Lump-sum Refund (the amount of money refunded from the national pension scheme when a
      foreigner leaves Korea), visit 『the National Pension Service website(www.nps.or.kr) → Information on Pension →
      Easy Guide to National Pension → Pension Types and Claims → Pension Payouts for Foreigners』
 

Emergency Welfare Support


• Ministry of Health and Welfare website : www.mohw.go.kr (Available in English) ☏129

A system to help people in the lower income group who have difficulty sustaining livelihood due to sudden crisis. Necessary welfare services such as livelihood, medical and housing support etc. are quickly offered so that they may
overcome the crisis.

Foreigner Eligibility

   A foreigner residing in Korea who fulfills the following conditions.

※ If it is assessed that the situation is unqualified for assistance or if conditions are not met, further assistance may be
    ceased and allowances received previously must be returned.
 · A foreigner who is married to a Korean citizen
 · A foreigner who has divorced his or her spouse of Korean nationality or whose spouse has passed away
   or A foreigner who is taking care of his or her immediate family (parents and children) of Korean nationality and ancestry
 · A foreigner recognized as a refugee
 · A foreigner who has, without any fault of his or her own, suffered damages from fire, crime or natural disasters
 · Also, a foreigner who is acknowledged by the Ministry of Health and Welfare as one who requires urgent help
 · A foreigner who has, without any fault of his or her own, suffered damages from natural disasters
 · A foreigner who resides in Korea on humanitarian grounds according to Article 2, Paragraph 3 of the Refugee Law

How to Apply

※ For more information, visit『 the Ministry of Health and Welfare website (www.mohw.go.kr) → Policies → Basic Living
    Information → Emergency Welfare Support』 




 
※ Source : Guidebook for foreigners, daily living information in Incheon