강화 고인돌

Incheon was first known as ‘Michuhol’
Incheon emerged as an administrative district known as ‘Marsoholhyeon’ during the reign of King Jangsu of Goguryeo (475 AD). After Shilla united the three kingdoms, the district was renamed as ‘Soseonghyeon’ using Chinese characters during the reign of King Gyeongdeok of Shilla.
During the reign of King Sukjong of Goryeo (1095~1105 AD), the district was renamed and elevated as ‘Gyeongwongun’ because it was the birthplace of the King’s mother. Later on, during the reign of King Injong of Goryeo (1122~1146 AD), the district was elevated once more into ‘Inju’ since it was the birthplace of Queen Sundeok. ‘Inju’ was almost razed to the ground after an unsuccessful rebellion by Lee Ja-kyum however it was returned to ‘Gyeongwonbu’ during the 2nd year of King Gongyang of Goryeo (1390 AD).
The district was restored because it was the so-called ‘Childae Eohyang (the birthplace of seven generations of Kings)’, a region intimately related to seven generations of Kings from King Munjong to King Injong of Goryeo. Once the Joseon Dynasty was established, ‘Gyeongwonbu’ was reorganized as ‘Inju’ once again. However during in the 13th year of King Taejong of Joseon, the royal court ordered every ‘gun’ and ‘hyeon’ (two county level districts) below the ‘dohobu’ administrative level with the word ‘ju’ in their names to incorporate either the word ‘san (mountain)’ or ‘cheon (river)’. Hence, ‘Inju’ became ‘Incheon’ which remains the name for the district to this day. Incheon has chosen the very day the district was renamed as Incheon (October 15, 1413) as ‘Incheon Citizens Day’.

INCHEON HISTORY
Origins and History
1400’s October 15, 1413   Renamed from 「Inju」 to 「Incheon-gun」 during the 13th year of King Taejong of Joseon.
1800’s 1883.              10 ‘myeon (suburb level administrative districts)’ districts including ‘Bunae’, ‘Meonugeum’, ‘Juan’, ‘Namchon’, ‘Jodong’, ‘Shinhyeon’, ‘Hwangdeungcheon’, ‘Jeonban’, ‘Yipo’, and ‘Daso’ integrated into Incheon when Joseon opened up to foreigners.
May 23, 1895   Incheon-bu established as the ‘Buje’ system was implemented.
1910’s April 1, 1914   Parts of Incheon-bu and Bupyeong-gun integrated to establish Bucheon-gun
September 1, 1914   Wolmido Island incorporated into Incheon-bu
October 1, 1936   Parts of Daju-myeon and Munhak-myeon in Bucheon-gun incorporated into Incheon-bu.
1940’s April 1, 1940   4 myeon districts including Munhak, Namdong, Bunae, and Seogot in Bucheon-gun integrated into Incheon-bu.
August 15, 1949   Renamed from Incheon-bu to Incheon-si after the enactment of the Local Government Act.
1960’s
January 1, 1963   Jakyakdo Island in Bucheon-gun incorporated into Incheon-si.
January 1, 1968   4 ‘gu (suburb level administrative districts)’ districts established (Jung-gu, Nam-gu, Dong-gu, and Buk-gu) as the ‘Guje’ system was implemented.
  • Songwol-dong under the Northern local office’s jurisdiction integrated into the Eastern local office to establish Jung-gu.
  • Northern local office and Eastern local office integrated to establish Dong-gu.
  • 4 local offices in Nambu, Juan, Munhak, Namdong integrated to establish Nam-gu.
  • Bupyeong local office and Seogot local office integrated to establish Buk-gu.
    7 administrative ‘dong (neighborhood level administrative districts)’ districts established including Namdong local office and Seogot local office. 《4 gu districts, 2 local offices, 66 dong districts》
1970’s July 1, 1973   Wolmido Island in Dong-gu incorporated into Jung-gu.
1980’s
July 1, 1981   Separated from Gyeonggi Province and elevated into a ‘Directly Governed City’ by the central government.
January 1, 1988   2 gu districts established 《6 gu districts, 94 dong districts》.
 
  • Nam-gu (1 local office, 40 dong districts) subdivided into → Nam-gu (27 dong districts), Namdong-gu (13 dong districts).
  • Buk-gu (1 local office, 29 dong districts) subdivided into → Buk-gu (19 dong districts), Seo-gu (10 dong districts).
January 1, 1989   3 myeon districts from Gyeonggi Province integrated into Incheon Directly Governed City.
  • Yeongjong-myeon and Yongyu-myeon in Ongjin-gun, Gyeonggi Province → Jung-gu in Incheon Directly Governed City.
  • Gyeyang-myeon in Gimpo-gun, Gyeonggi Province → Buk-gu in Incheon Directly Governed City.
  • 3 administrative dong districts (Yeongjong-dong, Yongyu-dong, Gyeyang-dong established 《6 gu districts, 97 dong districts》.
1990’s
January 1, 1995   Renamed from Incheon Directly Governed City to Incheon Metropolitan City.
March 1, 19952 autonomous districts established.
  • Buk-gu (32 dong districts) subdivided into → Bupyeong-gu (21 dong districts), Gyeyang-gu (11 dong districts).
  • Nam-gu (31 dong districts) subdivided into → Nam-gu (23 dong districts), Yeonsu-gu (8 dong districts).
March 1, 1995   Realignment of City and Province borders.
  • Part of Seoun-dong in Buk-gu integrated into → Bucheon-si in Gyeonggi Province.
  • Ganghwa-gun (1 eup district, 12 myeon district), Ongjin-gun (7 myeon districts), and Geomdan-myeon in Gimpo-gun from Gyeonggi Province integrated into Incheon Metropolitan City.
    《2 gun districts, 8 gu districts, 1 eup district, 19 myeon districts, 124 dong districts》
October 10 ~ November 10, 1998   Merger of small dong districts (reduced to 1 eup districts, 19 myeon districts, 116 dong districts).
2000’s
December 28, 2001   Geomdan-dong in Seo-gu subdivided into Geomdan 1-dong and Geomdan 2-dong.
March 1, 2003   Ongnyeon-dong in Yeonsu-gu subdivided into Ongnyeon 1-dong and Ongnyeon 2-dong.
Gyesan 3-dong in Gyeyang-gu subdivided into Gyesan 3-dong and Gyesan 4-dong.
August 12, 2005   Geomdan 1-dong and Geomdan 2-dong in Seo-gu subdivided into Geomdan 1-dong, Geomdan 2-dong, and Geomdan 3-dong.
December 30, 2005   Samsan-dong in Bupyeong-gu subdivided into Samsan 1-dong and Samsan 2-dong.
September 1, 2006   Geomdan 1-dong in Seo-gu subdivided into Geomdan 1-dong and Geomdan 4-dong.
November 26, 2006   Realignment of jurisdiction between Jung-gu and Dong-gu.
  • Parts of Jeon-dong and Inhyeon-dong in Jung-gu integrated into → Hwapyeong-dong in Dong-gu.
  • Parts of Inhyeon-dong in Jung-gu integrated into → Songhyeon-dong in Dong-gu.
January 1, 2007   Dongchun 2-dong in Yeonsu-gu subdivided into Dongchun 2-dong and Songdo-dong.
February 1, 2009   Merger of small dong districts in Nam-gu.
  • Sungui 1-dong, Sungui 3-dong → Sungui 1·3-dong
  • Yonghyeon 1-dong, Yonghyeon 4-dong → Yonghyeon 1·4-dong
  • Dohwa 2-dong, Dohwa 3-dong → Dohwa 2·3-dong
July 20, 2009   Nonhyeongojan-dong in Namdong-gu subdivided into Nonhyeon-dong and Nonhyeongojan-dong.
June 10, 2010   Cheongna-dong established in Seo-gu.
  • Parts of Gyeongseo-dong, Yeonhui-dong, Wonchang-dong → Cheongna-dong
May 20, 2011   Nonhyeon-dong in Namdong-gu renamed as Nonhyeon 1-dong.
Nonhyeongojan-dong subdivided into Nonhyeon 2-dong and Nonhyeongojan-dong.
January 1, 2012   Songdo-dong in Yeonsu-gu subdivided into Songdo 1-dong and Songdo 2-dong.
Yeongjong-dong in Jung-gu subdivided into Yeongjong-dong and Unseo-dong.
(2 gun districts, 8 gu districts, 1 eup district, 19 myeon districts, and 125 dong districts)